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We all strive for healthy and happy lives, and implants/prosthetics help reach these goals. It’s been an evolutionary process involving a team approach with biomechanists, physicians, and mechanical/materials engineers to get to an era of implants, in our case, joint replacements as a current surgical solution. Joint replacement procedures are a medical market worth billions per year, and predicted to increase with an ageing population. As joint replacements are prone to wear, leading to loss of implant function, it is important to extend their lifetime to avoid repeated surgeries.
Recent Trends in Clincal Biomechanics
Professor Anthony Redmond (Professor of Clincal Biomechanics)
Getting out of bed, getting dressed, bending, lifting - “human movement” - is something we all take mostly for granted, at least until a medical condition restrict our mobility. In this talk we will use real world and clinical examples to explore how humans achieve daily movement tasks and how, using modern technology including cameras, measurements and computer models, we can capture and quantify these motions and model their effects on the systems within the body. Finally, we will discover how we can pull all of this information together to get the most from joint replacements and implants.
Tribology of Facet Joints
Beril Saadet Yenigul (Early Stage Researcher)
Up to 65% of the population experience neck pain in their lifetime, and the facet joint is increasingly being recognized as a source of back/neck pain. Are there any implants to replace these tiny joints? How would be the clinical and mechanical testing requirements for these devices? How long would they last? What are the future trends in the wear testing approach? This talk will explain how I address these questions in my PhD project.
Surface Engineering of Spinal Implants
Navaneethakrishnan Pugazhendi (Early Stage Researcher)
There has been a continuous evolution of materials, design and manufacturing process of orthopaedic prothesis since 1960’s after the introduction of modern joint replacement implants. As the age of implantation becoming younger, a current issue is premature wear and loosening of prostheses due to wear metal debris release from prostheses. Surface treatments like coatings have been the solution to these problems as well as to improve biocompatibility. This talk will give you information on the contemporary surface treatments.